The Expert Panel

Norbert Morgenstern, Chair canada
Curriculum Vitae

Norbert Morgenstern is an internationally recognized authority in the field of geotechnical engineering. He has extensive experience in dam engineering and has worked on over 140 dam projects and served on numerous technical committees throughout the world, including chairing the panel conducting the review into the cause of the failure of the Mount Polley tailings dam in 2014. He is Professor Emeritus of Civil Engineering at the University of Alberta, and has authored over 330 publications in the field of engineering and received a plethora of honors and awards throughout his career.

Steven G. Vick us

Mr. Vick is an internationally recognized geotechnical engineer and review consultant with over 40 years of experience, including both technical reviews and forensic investigations. He chaired the investigation of the Omai tailings dam failure for the government of Guyana in 1995 and served as a member of the Mount Polley Independent Investigation and Review Panel in 2014. He has authored two books, including a comprehensive textbook on tailings dams, and published several articles related to dam safety and risk analyses.

Bryan D. Watts canada
Curriculum Vitae

Mr. Watts is the Chairman of Klohn Crippen Berger Ltd., a leading engineering firm. He has over 40 years of experience in geotechnical engineering in tailings dam design and post-failure investigations. He has provided engineering support for investigations into the Mount Polley tailings dam failure in 2014, the Omai tailings dam failure in 1995, and the Los Frailes tailings dam failure in 1998, and has participated on review boards for a vast array of tailings dam projects around the world. He is an expert in construction monitoring, field investigations, and design engineering, and the recipient of a number of awards for work in the geotechnical engineering field.

Cássio Viotti brazil
Curriculum Vitae

Mr. Viotti is an independent dam engineering consultant with over 45 years of experience. He has extensive engineering experience with dams in Brazil, including serving as President of the International Commission on Large Dams and the Brazilian Committee on Dams. He has also served as the head of the Geotechnical Division and head of Civil Engineering Department for Cemig, a leading Brazilian power company. He has performed rigorous safety inspections for over 70 dams as an independent consultant. He was a visiting professor at the University of Ouro Preto in Minas Gerais, Brazil, where he instructed graduate students in dam engineering, safety and construction for over 20 years.

The expert panel’s work was guided by the terms of reference dated December 26, 2015.

The Seismologists

The aspects of the investigation related to seismicity were conducted by two world-respected seismology experts:

Gail Atkinson canada
Curriculum Vitae

Dr. Atkinson is Professor of Seismology at the University of Western Ontario and a leading expert in the field of intraplate seismicity, or seismic activity that occurs away from tectonic plate boundaries in places such as Brazil. Dr. Atkinson has been a university professor for over 20 years and authored more than 200 publications.

Ivan Wong us
Curriculum Vitae

Mr. Wong is an internationally recognized expert in seismic hazard and seismic risk evaluations with a specialty in seismicity and earthquake ground motions studies. He has more than 40 years of experience and has directed and participated in seismological and geological studies and research in connection with more than 600 facilities, including numerous tailings dams located throughout the world.